Victoria Maps

Interactive Maps for needs based planning of government services:

Services, Indicators and Indexes

Our starting point in thinking about the maps was what services each State needs to provide. We looked at the Commonwealth Grants Commission reports to identify the range of services provided by the States.

Once these services were identified, we started thinking about indicators that may help understand the service requirements in an area. These indicators come from Census data, spatially microsimulated data, or calculated. For each service, there will be a number of possible indicators.

To derive a summary for each service, we could then use these indicators to derive one or two indexes. These indexes will provide a summary of the need for the service, and may be something like a simple proportion (eg, for primary schools, it may be the proportion of primary school students to total primary school aged children, so the participation rate); or it may be a sum of a number of indicators. There may also be some summary indicators already available, like school gross enrolment ratios for Education, the Socioeconomic disadvantage (SEIFA measure) for homeless services and general welfare and the Index of Child Social Exclusion for family and child services.

-          Education [Indexes], [Indicators]

o        Preschool and primary education, [Indicators]

o        Secondary education, [Indicators]

o        Vocational education and training, [Indicators]

o        Higher education, [Indicators]


-          Health and community services , [Indicators]

o        Hospital and Psychiatric Care Use, population and preventive health, [Indicators]

o        Family, child, Aged and disabled services, [Indicators]

o        Homeless and general welfare, Housing, [Indicators]

o        Services to Indigenous communities. [Indicators]


-          Law, order and public safety

o        Police, Public safety

o        Administration of justice,

o        Corrective services,


-          Culture and Recreation

o        Culture and recreation, [Indicators]

§         Indigenous Communities, [Indicators]

§         Birth Place, [Indicators]

§         Languages, [Indicators]

§         Religion, [Indicators]


-          Economic activities, [Indicators]

o        Electricity and gas, Water sanitation and protection of the environment, [Indicators]

o        Non-urban transport, Roads, Urban transit, [Indicators]

o        Industry: Primary, Mining and Manufacturing, [Indicators]

o        Subsidy: Fuel, [Indicators]






These maps use some data which is sourced from the ABS Census. The Census data is copyright of the ABS, and have been used by permission. Any data identified as microsimulated data is from NATSEM’s spatial microsimulation model, and is owned by NATSEM Pty Ltd. Any use of this data should be sourced to NATSEM Pty Ltd, University of Canberra. Data identified as microsimulated data are based on estimated characteristics of the population. Such estimates are derived from the application of microsimulation modelling techniques to microdata based on sample surveys.These estimates may be different from the actual characteristics of the population because of sampling and nonsampling errors in the microdata and because of the assumptions underlying the modelling techniques. The microdata do not contain any information that enables identification of the individuals or families to which they refer.